On 15 February 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted the
Application for EU Membership
which marked the first step towards receiving the EU candidate status and a precondition for starting accession negotiations. At its session held on 20 September 2016, the EU Council considered the EU membership application of BiH and, in line with the procedure laid down in Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union, invited the European Commission to submit its opinion on the membership application (Avis). The EU Council’s conclusions of 20 September 2016 are available
With a view to preparing the opinion on the application for membership, the European Commission handed over a Questionnaire to Bosnia and Herzegovina on 9 December 2016 as an instrument for assessing the degree of compliance with the EU membership criteria and the readiness of BiH to make progress towards receiving the candidate status and opening of the accession negotiations.
Organised in 35 working groups for European integration in accordance with the Decision on the system of coordination of the European integration process in BiH (Official Gazette of BiH, 72/16 and 35/18), the institutions in BiH technically finalised the answers to the Questionnaire through the Information System for the Support to the European Integration Process of BiH. The answers were presented to the European Commission on 28 February 2018.
A total of 1,083 civil servants across all levels of government in BiH, who were appointed to 1,600 positions in 35 working groups for the European integration (some were members of several working groups), prepared the answers to the European Commission's Questionnaire. The process implied legal, technical and linguistic editing of the translation into English. Furthermore, 15 members of the Commission for European Integration and 20 members of the Collegium for European Integration also contributed to the activity. A total of 20,037 pages of answers were produced. In addition to the answers and annexes, 1,151 official documents (laws, regulations, etc.) to which the institutions referred in their responses, were also submitted.
Of the 3,242 questions in the Questionnaire, 2,966 answers (91.50%) were technically finalised in 35 working groups for European integration, 160 answers were agreed on by the Commission for European Integration (4.95%) and 116 answers (3.55%) by the Collegium for European Integration.
The translation of answers was outsourced to 140 translators, whose work was coordinated and monitored by the Directorate for European Integration. A total of 31,177 standard translation pages were translated into English.
Aside from BiH government institutions, civil society organisations and citizens also contributed to the process of providing answers to the EC Questionnaire, the aim of which was to raise public awareness of the overall importance of the European integration process. Seventeen civil society organisations submitted answers to 177 questions in the EC Questionnaire. The majority of answers referred to questions related to the political criteria, and Chapters 19 - Social Policy and Employment and 20 – Enterprise and Industrial Policy.
The European Commission delivered Follow-up questions to Bosnia and Herzegovina on 20 June 2016. Answers were submitted to the European Commission in March 2019.The European Commission delivered Follow-up questions to Bosnia and Herzegovina on 20 June 2016. Answers were submitted to the European Commission in March 2019.
EC Questionnaire is available here.
Answers of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the EC Questionnaire are available here.
Follow-up Questions are available here.
Answers of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Follow-up Questions are available here.