DEI Bosna i Hercegovina
Council of Ministers - Directorate for European Integration

Enlargement Package

Enlargement Package
Report on Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Enlargement Strategy

The Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges (Strategy) is one of the documents of the Enlargement Package. The Strategy provides an overview of the state of play, key challenges for the following year, enlargement policy strategic orientation and a brief overview of the progress made by candidate and potential candidate countries. The Strategy states how the EU will continue to offer its support (technical and financial) and gives general recommendations and conclusions regarding each candidate and potential candidate. The Strategy is usually accompanied by an annex with more detail on the assessments and findings of the European Commission with regard to the progress in the EU accession process.

In 2015, the European Commission, for the first time, defined the European Union Enlargement Strategy as a mid-term document encompassing the current mandate of the European Commission. At the time, the Commission stated that the countries included in the enlargement process had achieved significant progress in many fields, but that the challenges those countries faced were such that none would be ready to join the EU during the mandate of the current Commission (the end of 2019). It was confirmed that each state would be assessed individually, on the basis of the progress made. The European Commission would keep insisting on the implementation of reforms and measures, not only on their adoption. The Strategy confirmed the approach of “solving the fundamental issues in the first place”, primarily the rule of law, fundamental rights, strengthening of democratic institutions, including the public administration reform as well as economic development and competition, which would contribute to creating new jobs and to growth and increase of interest on the part of investors. Adequate solutions to “fundamental issues” represent the key to meeting the Copenhagen and Madrid membership criteria.

On 6 February 2018, the European Commission adopted a strategy for "A credible enlargement perspective for and enhanced EU engagement with the Western Balkans", confirming the European future of the region as geostrategic investment into a stable, strong and united Europe based on shared values.

The Strategy points to the priorities and fields of joint enhanced engagement, dealing with specific challenges the Western Balkans faces, particularly the need for thorough reforms and good relations with neighbours. The Strategy clearly states that the door of the European Union is still open for further accession once individual countries meet the membership criteria. It also states that the European Commission will not change its enlargement policy – the process has been and will remain based on merits. Each country will be assessed in terms of its own achievements. The Strategy confirms the EU access, implying that comprehensive reforms must be undertaken in key areas. The rule of law, fundamental rights and governance must be strengthened, the work of democratic institutions must be seriously improved, while the justice reform, fight against corruption and organised crime as well as public administration reform must yield specific results.

The Strategy states the EU will significantly strengthen its support to the Western Balkan transformation process, as well as that the European Commission had defined an Action Plan including six key initiatives concerning specific areas of interest for both the EU and the Western Balkan countries. These are the following areas: rule of law, security and migration; socioeconomic development; transport and energy connectivity; digital agenda; reconciliation and good neighbourly relations. In order to ensure adequate means to support this Strategy and continuous progress towards membership, the European Commission proposes a gradual increase in funds within the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA).

Komunikacija o politici proširenja EU-a za 2020. godinu

Unapređenje pristupnog procesa – Vjerodostojna perspektiva EU-a za Zapadni Balkan (2020)

2019 Communication on EU Enlargement Policy

Vjerodostojna perspektiva proširenja i pojačana suradnja EU-a sa Zapadnim Balkanom (2018)

A credible enlargement perspective for 2017

Enlargement Strategy for 2016

Enlargement Strategy for 2015

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2014 - 2015

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2013 - 2014

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2011 – 2012

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2010 – 2011

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2009 – 2010

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2008 - 2009

Enlargement Strategy and Main Challenges 2007 - 2008

From Progress Report to Country Report

The Progress Report is a document in which the European Commission provides information on the progress made by a candidate country or potential candidate for membership in terms of meeting the requirements and objectives set by the European Union. It also contains a summary of operational measures to be taken based on defined action plans.

The report is usually structured following the model of the Copenhagen Criteria (1993), with particular attention to the country’s progress in aligning national legislation with the acquis. The progress is measured against the issued decisions, adopted laws and implemented measures. Such approach ensures an equal treatment in all reports and enables objective assessments.

The Progress Report is based on the information provided by the candidate country or potential candidate, by EU member states, international and non-governmental organisations as well as on the European Parliament reports. Every year, the European Commission publishes the Progress Report and submits it to the EU Council, the European Parliament and the state in question. The First Progress Report on Bosnia and Herzegovina was published in 2005, preceded by annual reports on stabilisation and association process (from 2002 to 2004) and on the requirements fulfilled (from 1997 to 2000).

In 2003, a Feasibility Study was made in order to open negotiations on the Stabilisation and Association Agreement. It was presented in the Report on the readiness of Bosnia and Herzegovina for initiation of negotiations on the Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the European Union.

Having changed its approach or, more precisely, having introduced new reporting methodology in 2005, the Commission changed the title progress reports into reports on individual countries included in the enlargement process. The reason is the introduction of assessment of the current readiness for membership and evaluation of the progress made in the previous year.

Assessment of the current state of readiness:

early stage of readiness – some level of preparation – moderately prepared – good level of preparation – well advanced

Evaluation of the progress made in the previous year:

backsliding - no progress - some progress - good progress - very good progress

This type of assessment is aimed at facilitating comparison among the states, monitoring the annual progress of individual states showing the transparency of the accession process and monitoring the implementation of reforms. It can also be used to improve the measuring of the enlargement policy results and monitoring of the impact of the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA II).

Bosnia and Herzegovina 2021 Report

Bosnia and Herzegovina 2020 Report

Interim report on BiH for 2018

Report on BiH for 2016

Report on BiH for 2015

BiH Progress Report 2014

BiH Progress Report 2013

BiH Progress Report 2012

BiH Progress Report 2011

BiH Progress Report 2010

BiH Progress Report 2009

BiH Progress Report 2008

BiH Progress Report 2007

BiH Progress Report 2006

BiH Progress Report 2005